Academic Journals in Nietzsche Studies 1. Taking this approach, however, risks confusing aspects of the Nietzsche legend with what is important in his philosophical work, and many commentators are rightly skeptical of readings derived primarily from biographical anecdotes. When young Friedrich was not quite five, his father died of a brain hemorrhage, leaving Franziska, Friedrich, a three-year old daughter, Elisabeth, and an infant son.
They had two other children: Nietzsche's father died from a brain ailment in ; Ludwig Joseph died six months later at age two.
After the death of Nietzsche's grandmother inthe family moved into their own house, now Nietzsche-Hausa museum and Nietzsche study centre. Nietzsche, Nietzsche attended a boys' school and then a private school, where he became friends with Gustav Krug, Rudolf Wagner and Wilhelm Pinder, all of whom came from highly respected families.
Inhe began to attend Domgymnasium in Naumburg. Because his father had worked for the state as a pastor the now-fatherless Nietzsche was offered a scholarship to study at the internationally recognized Schulpforta the claim that Nietzsche was admitted on the strength of his academic competence has been debunked: He also found time to work on poems and musical compositions.
Nietzsche led "Germania", a music and literature club, during his summers in Naumburg. His end-of-semester exams in March showed a 1 in Religion and German; a 2a in Greek and Latin; a 2b in French, History, and Physics; and a "lackluster" 3 in Hebrew and Mathematics.
Additionally, he became acquainted with Ernst Ortleppan eccentric, blasphemous, and often drunken poet who was found dead in a ditch weeks after meeting the young Nietzsche but who may have introduced Nietzsche to the music and writing of Richard Wagner. For a short time he and Deussen became members of the Burschenschaft Frankonia.
After one semester and to the anger Nietzsche summary his motherhe stopped his theological studies and lost his faith.
This letter contains the following statement: Hence the ways of men part: Nietzsche's first philological publications appeared soon after. InNietzsche thoroughly studied the works of Arthur Schopenhauer.
He owed the awakening of his philosophical interest to reading Schopenhauer's The World as Will and Representation and later admitted that Schopenhauer was one of the few thinkers whom he respected, dedicating the essay " Schopenhauer as Educator " in the Untimely Meditations to him.
Lange's descriptions of Kant 's anti-materialistic philosophy, the rise of European MaterialismEurope's increased concern with science, Charles Darwin 's theory of evolutionand the general rebellion against tradition and authority intrigued Nietzsche greatly.
Nietzsche would ultimately argue the impossibility of an evolutionary explanation of the human aesthetic sense. He was regarded as one of the finest riders among his fellow recruits, and his officers predicted that he would soon reach the rank of captain.
However, in Marchwhile jumping into the saddle of his horse, Nietzsche struck his chest against the pommel and tore two muscles in his left side, leaving him exhausted and unable to walk for months.
Erwin RohdeKarl von Gersdorff and Nietzsche, October In part because of Ritschl's support, Nietzsche received a remarkable offer in to become professor of classical philology at the University of Basel in Switzerland.
He was only 24 years old and had neither completed his doctorate nor received a teaching certificate " habilitation ". He was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Leipzigagain with Ritschl's support. In his short time in the military, he experienced much and witnessed the traumatic effects of battle.
He also contracted diphtheria and dysentery. His inaugural lecture at the university was " Homer and Classical Philology ". Nietzsche also met Franz Overbecka professor of theology who remained his friend throughout his life.
Afrikan Spira little-known Russian philosopher responsible for the Thought and Reality, and Nietzsche's colleague the famed historian Jacob Burckhardtwhose lectures Nietzsche frequently attended, began to exercise significant influence on him during this time.
Nietzsche admired both greatly and during his time at Basel frequently visited Wagner's house in Tribschen in Lucerne. The Wagners brought Nietzsche into their most intimate circle—including Franz Lisztof whom Nietzsche colloquially described: InNietzsche published his first book, The Birth of Tragedy.
However, his colleagues within his field, including Ritschl, expressed little enthusiasm for the work in which Nietzsche eschewed the classical philologic method in favor of a more speculative approach.
In his polemic Philology of the Future, Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff dampened the book's reception and increased its notoriety.
In response, Rohde then a professor in Kiel and Wagner came to Nietzsche's defense. Nietzsche remarked freely about the isolation he felt within the philological community and attempted unsuccessfully to transfer to a position in philosophy at Basel instead.
Between andhe published four separate long essays: These four later appeared in a collected edition under the title Untimely Meditations.
The essays shared the orientation of a cultural critique, challenging the developing German culture along lines suggested by Schopenhauer and Wagner.Friedrich Nietzsche (–) was a German philosopher and cultural critic who published intensively in the s and s.
He is famous for uncompromising criticisms of traditional European morality and religion, as well as of conventional philosophical ideas and social and political pieties associated with modernity. For Nietzsche the no of “no that is not true” should not work to assert “yes, that is true” in return to the no, but to constantly transmute into a “yes” of the will, an affirmation of existence that pays no heed or recognition to its other “no.” Nietzsche is a regular Molly Bloom.
Lesson Summary Friedrich Nietzsche was one the most widely read philosophers of the modern day. His seminal work The Antichrist and his quote 'God is Dead' were what some consider the foundation.
Nietzsche's Compassion. As the story goes, one January day in , the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche suffered a mental breakdown over a horse in the streets of the Italian city of Turin.
In "Nietzsche and Fascists," he argued against such instrumentalization, by the left or the right, declaring that Nietzsche's aim was to by-pass the short timespan of modern politics, and its inherent lies and simplifications, for a greater historical timespan.
Nietzsche's Genealogy. Friedrich Nietzsche published On the Genealogy of Morals in This period of Nietzsche's life is considered by many scholars to be his most productive and significant.