Origins[ edit ] Chaucer as a pilgrim from the Ellesmere manuscript Geoffrey Chaucer was born in London sometime aroundthough the precise date and location of his birth remain unknown. His father and grandfather were both London vintners ; several previous generations had been merchants in Ipswich. His family name derives from the French chausseur, meaning "shoemaker". Career[ edit ] While records concerning the lives of his contemporary friends, William Langland and the Pearl Poetare practically non-existent, since Chaucer was a public servant, his official life is very well documented, with nearly five hundred written items testifying to his career.
See Article History Geoffrey Chaucer, born c. He also contributed importantly in the second half of the 14th century to the management of public affairs as courtier, diplomat, and civil servant.
But it is his avocation—the writing of poetry—for which he is remembered. Yet his writings also consistently reflect an all-pervasive humour combined with serious and tolerant consideration of important philosophical questions. From his writings Chaucer emerges as poet of love, both earthly and divine, whose presentations range from lustful cuckoldry to spiritual union with God.
He died in or at age The name Chaucer is derived from the French word chaussier, meaning a maker of footwear. No information exists concerning his early education, although doubtless he would have been as fluent in French as in the Middle English of his time.
He also became competent in Latin and Italian. His writings show his close familiarity with many important books of his time and of earlier times. Chaucer first appears in the records inas a member of the household of Elizabeth, countess of Ulster, wife of Lionel, third son of Edward III.
The king contributed to his ransom, and Chaucer served as messenger from Calais to England during the peace negotiations of Chaucer does not appear in any contemporary record during — On February 22,the king of Navarre issued a certificate of safe-conduct for Chaucer, three companions, and their servants to enter Spain.
Probably his wife was Philippa Pan, who had been in the service of the countess of Ulster and entered the service of Philippa of Hainautqueen consort of Edward III, when Elizabeth died in In Philippa Chaucer received an annuity, and later annuities were frequently paid to her through her husband.
These and other facts indicate that Chaucer married well.
Such officers lived at court and performed staff duties of considerable importance. In Chaucer was abroad on a diplomatic mission, and in he was on military service in France. Also in he and his wife were official mourners for the death of Queen Philippa. For this first of his important poems, Chaucer used the dream-vision forma genre made popular by the highly influential 13th-century French poem of courtly lovethe Roman de la rose.
Chaucer translated that poem, at least in part, probably as one of his first literary efforts, and he borrowed from it throughout his poetic career.
Nothing in these borrowings, however, will account for his originality in combining dream-vision with elegy and eulogy of Blanche with consolation for John. Also noteworthy here—as it increasingly became in his later poetry—is the tactful and subtle use of a first-person narratorwho both is and is not the poet himself.
The device had obvious advantages for the minor courtier delivering such a poem orally before the high-ranking court group. Diplomat and civil servant During the decade of the s, Chaucer was at various times on diplomatic missions in Flanders, France, and Italy.
Probably his first Italian journey December to May was for negotiations with the Genoese concerning an English port for their commerce, and with the Florentines concerning loans for Edward III.
His next Italian journey occupied May 28 to September 19,when he was a member of a mission to Milan concerning military matters. Several times during the s, Chaucer and his wife received generous monetary grants from the king and from John of Gaunt.
On May 10,he obtained rent-free a dwelling above Aldgate, in London, and on June 8 of that year he was appointed comptroller of the customs and subsidy of wools, skins, and tanned hides for the Port of London. Now, for the first time, Chaucer had a position away from the court, and he and his wife had a home of their own, about a minute walk from his office.
In he was granted two wardships, which paid well, and in he received a sizable sum from a fine. Certainly during the s fortune smiled upon the Chaucers. So much responsibility and activity in public matters appears to have left Chaucer little time for writing during this decade.Geoffrey Chaucer ( - ) The father of the English Literature Chaucer was the first great poet writing in English, whose best-known work is 'The Canterbury Tales'.
Geoffrey Chaucer was born between and , probably in London. Geoffrey Chaucer, (born c. /43, London?, England—died October 25, , London), the outstanding English poet before Shakespeare and “the first finder of our language.” His The Canterbury Tales ranks as one of the greatest poetic works in English.
He also contributed importantly in the second half of the 14th century to the management of public affairs as courtier, diplomat, and. Watch video · He died October 25, in London, England, and was the first to be buried in Westminster Abbey’s Poet’s Corner.
Early Life. Poet Geoffrey Chaucer was born circa , most likely at his parents’ house on Thames Street in London, England. ? - Ms. N. Croney Geoffrey Chaucer Facts Born in London Middle ages was coming to a close Family was well off Family made wine and leather trade The name Chaucer comes from the French word for shoemaker (surname) Was an attendant to Prince Lionel (son of King Edward III) More Facts With Prince Lionel, Chaucer learned .
Geoffrey Chaucer was born between and , probably in London. His father was a prosperous wine merchant. We do not know any details of his early life and education. In , he was a page. The Love poems website is intended as an educational resource dedicated to providing the Biographies, Pictures and Poetry of the worlds great and most famous Poets.