Tolkien warned them that he wrote quite slowly, and responded with several stories he had already developed. The story would not be finished until 12 years later, inand would not be fully published untilwhen Tolkien was 63 years old.
The Lord of the Rings J. A leading philologist of his day, Tolkien was an Oxford University professor who, along with Oxford colleagues C.
Lewis and Charles Williams, helped revive popular interest in the medieval romance and the fantastic tale. Tolkien gained a reputation during the s and s as a cult figure among youths disillusioned with war and the technological age; his continuing popularity evidences his ability to evoke the oppressive realities of modern life while drawing audiences into a fantasy world.
Plot and Major Characters The Lord of the Rings charts the adventures of the inhabitants of Middle Earth, a complex fictional world with fantastical characters and a complete language crafted by Tolkien.
Taken together, The Lord of the Rings trilogy, along with its prelude The Hobbit —which is based on bedtime stories Tolkien had created for his children—encompasses ten thousand years of Middle Earth history and includes an encyclopedic mythology inspired by but entirely separate from that of the human species.
Peopled with a vast array of beings, including hobbits, elves, dwarves, and orcs, as well as the men of Westernesse, Middle Earth is arguably the most comprehensive imaginary world created by a writer in English, other than John Milton's heaven and hell.
While not technically a part of The Lord of the Rings, The Hobbit, which is considered a children's story and lacks much of the psychological depth of the trilogy, begins the story of the rings with the reluctant efforts of a hobbit, Bilbo Baggins, to recover a treasure stolen by a dragon. During the course of his mission, the hobbit discovers a magical ring which, among other powers, can render its bearer invisible.
The ability to disappear helps Bilbo fulfill his quest; however, the ring's less obvious faculties prompt the malevolent Sauron, Dark Lord of Mordor, to seek it. The hobbits' attempt to deny Sauron unlimited power is the focal point of the Lord of the Rings trilogy, which consists of the novels The Fellowship of the RingThe Two Towersand The Return of the King In these books Bilbo's nephew Frodo takes over the elderly Bilbo's quest, as Bilbo passes the ring on to Frodo in the opening scene of The Fellowship of the Ring.
At this point the wizard Gandalf, who orchestrates many of the adventures in Middle Earth, tells Frodo that the ring has far more important powers than he suspects—that it may, in fact, hold the key to the world's fate.
Throughout the trilogy, Tolkien rejects such traditional heroic attributes as strength, size, and bravado.
Instead, he has Gandalf deliberately choose the reluctant hobbit heroes, who are small, humble, and unassuming, to guard the ring and thereby prevail against evil. Major Themes Despite Tolkien's protests to the contrary, The Lord of the Rings does evoke themes both from earlier literary archetypes and the development of modern culture in the twentieth century.
Tolkien's work as an Oxford scholar of early literature suggests that he, perhaps even subconsciously, was influenced by the adventure and mythology of these texts.
But The Lord of the Rings also appears to address issues specific to the twentieth century, particularly the sense of loss, despair, and alienation that came as a result of the two World Wars. Many have read the trilogy as an allegory of the history of modern Europe, especially the rise of Adolf Hitler and Nazism in Germany.
Others see it as a Christian allegory. Tolkien always denied that his books were either allegorical or topical in nature, maintaining that the events that occurred in Middle Earth predate any historical occurrences that Western humans could be aware of.
Nevertheless, most critics find that, particularly because The Lord of the Rings was written roughly between and and because of Tolkien's own experiences serving in World War I, the influence of the catastrophic events of the twentieth century must have been inevitable.
While some reviewers expressed dissatisfaction with the story's great length and one-dimensional characters, the majority enjoyed Tolkien's enchanting descriptions and lively sense of adventure.The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers by J.R.R.
Tolkien The Lord of the Rings is an epic high fantasy novel written by J.
Tolkien, later fitted as a trilogy. The story began as a sequel to Tolkien's earlier fantasy book The Hobbit and soon developed into a much larger story. The Lord of the Rings trilogy hit cinemas in and with the smash success of its following chapters, The Two Towers and The Return of the King the story, J.R.R Tolkien’s masterwork, already immortalized in one of the world’s best-selling series of novels, was renewed for contemporary cinema goers.
The Lord of the Rings is an epic high fantasy novel written by English author and scholar J. R. R. Tolkien. The story began as a sequel to Tolkien's fantasy novel The Hobbit, but eventually developed into a much larger work.
J.R.R. Tolkien’s The Hobbit: Summary Bilbo Baggins is a hobbit, one of a race of short, timid creatures who live in cozy tunnels and who prefer to keep their lives ordered and predictable.
One day, he unexpectedly finds himself playing host to Gandalf the wizard and thirteen dwarfs. Jul 28, · Essay Topics and Study Questions on The Hobbit by J.R.R.
Tolkien ( by Robert Morris) - Comments When students read The Hobbit, they identify themselves with some characteristics of each character. The prologue to the three-volume The Lord of the Rings series pitting various species of humanity against the evil forces of the Dark Lord Sauron, The Hobbit is a self-contained, one-volume.